This once great city owes its prosperity to Lysimacus, one of Alexanders the Greats generals. Lysimacus took control of the surrounding area after the defeat and death of Antigonas, which occurred at the Battle of Issus in 301BC. It was then after his death in 281BC that the city soon became an independent city under the control of Philetarus, who was governor of the city for Lysimacus. Then finally his son (Eumenes 1) and following generations were to rule until the city was willed over to the Romans in 129BC and became the province of Asia.
We only visited the Acropolis and drove quickly through the town, Ray from Essex Miniatures Australia had told us this place was a must to visit, as not many tourist would travel out this far. Both the town and the Acropolis hold some amazing sights. The town it's self has numerous buildings and ruins, still standing, however most of those are from the later Roman period. The period I was interested in was before the Romans and after Alexander. During this period the Acropolis was extensively work on and enlarge, however most of it's former glory and splendor has now also sadly gone and just ruins remain.
The best of these ruins is the amazing theatre which once seated 10 000 people (pictured above) and the marble-columned Temple of Trajan the only Roman building still sanding, in parts, on the acropolis (pictured below). If you ever get to visit Turkey then pull off the main road south and head in Pergamum is a must.